Aleph in Domoon / studio_GAON

first_img Starsis ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard 2013 CopyHouses•Sokcho-si, South Korea Photographs:  Yong-Kwan Kim, Youngchae Park Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project “COPY” Architects: studio_GAON Area Area of this architecture project Construction: CopyAbout this officestudio_GAONOfficeFollowProductWood#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesSokcho-siSouth KoreaPublished on August 16, 2016Cite: “Aleph in Domoon / studio_GAON” 15 Aug 2016. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. 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Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream Aleph in Domoon / studio_GAONSave this projectSaveAleph in Domoon / studio_GAON Area:  203 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project South Korea Project Team:Sangwoo Yi, Minjung Choi, Seongwon Son, Sungpil Lee, Hanmoe Lee, Joowon Moon, Haein ChoiSupervision:studio_GAONArchitect In Charge:Hyoungnam Lim, Eunjoo Roh, studio_GAONCity:Sokcho-siCountry:South KoreaMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Yong-Kwan KimText description provided by the architects. In Jorge Luis Borges’ novel of same title, ‘El Aleph’ is the one site which contains all the places in the universe, as well as all stars, all lamps, and all sources of light. It is also the first character of Hebrew, and the beginning locus of every memory.Save this picture!© Youngchae ParkDesigning the house in Domoon was just like being in Aleph, a project to transcend time, to share memories and places. Going through the process was like solving a puzzle; putting odd pieces together to make a complete whole.Save this picture!© Yong-Kwan KimSokcho region is a port city in the east coast of Korea, surrounded by chain of Seorak Mountain. You can gaze ocean and mountain in one frame, a place showing every color under gaudy sun and wind.Save this picture!Site PlanOne day a gentleman came from Sokcho to erect a house. The site was in Domoon-dong, which is an old town near the mouth of Seoraksan Mountain approach road.Save this picture!© Yong-Kwan KimDomoon means a door(moon, 門) to enlightenment(do, 道). There are two aged legends about the origin: One stars a monk who found great illumination in this place to open ‘the door of enlightenment’, and another is that this place is the first gateway into where monks go into Seoraksan Mountain to cultivate their religious awakening. Hence, Domoon-dong is the oldest town in Sokcho.Save this picture!Floor PlanThe site was quite large, and there was a tiny old house in the corner. The exterior of the old house was finished with wood instead of plaster, which made this house special inside, compared to other old houses around the area. The space inside was arranged as traditional Korean house in cold region, ‘Kyup-Jip(겹집)’, with space arranged in stacking shape(田).Save this picture!© Youngchae ParkOld wooden finishing were discolored beautifully over the years, and the rusted tin roof was old but natural. With a bit of repair, people could live in an instant.Save this picture!© Yong-Kwan KimIn most of the cases, when we remove inside walls and ceilings of an old house in Korea, we would find a panel on the girder, put on the day of roof-raising construction process, to record the history of the house. The panel (sort of time capsule) would show us various information about the house including when it was built. But unfortunately, we couldn’t find any clue about this house inside.Save this picture!SectionSave this picture!SectionThen one day, an old passer-by told us that he was born in this house and this house was actually moved from original location and rebuilt about a hundred years ago from a monk’s lodging near Ulsanbawi Rock in Seoraksan Mountain. It transpired that this house was older than a century. And during the difficult construction, we found there are two Seongju-sin (house god) in this house. One god came from the original house in Ulsanbawi, and the other one was in Domoon-dong. The god from Ulsanbawi was high in rank, so he insisted that he is the owner of this house to the Domoon-dong god. Even worse, he kicked the house to threat the Domoon-dong god to make him leave.Save this picture!© Yong-Kwan KimThis story was all from the dream of the carpenter. Everybody may laugh this story off to think the carpenter was merely inspired by the hundred-year-old house. But the carpenter, owner, and we didn’t laugh off and took this story seriously.Save this picture!© Youngchae ParkOne night afterwards, the carpenter met the Domoon-dong god in dream and the god bowed his thanks for mending the old house. And the god said that if this construction ends, he will be driven out from the Ulsanbawi god, so he asked the carpenter earnestly not to finish and put a little aside.Save this picture!© Youngchae ParkThe carpenter awaked from the vivid dream, and changed his mind of leaving halfway since the work was too tough. After hearing the story, we decided to enshrine each two god’s mortuary jar in the hall and the room, and move the Domoon-dong god’s jar to the new house after completion. In any case, there are lots of things that we don’t know or can’t see but exist out there.Save this picture!© Youngchae ParkThat was how we restored the past of the land. After winter, when spring was just around the corner, the house was completed and people offered sacrifice to spirits on a snowy day. That night, the owner found one tiger butterfly turning up, circling around the house, and flopping out.Save this picture!© Yong-Kwan KimWe are not sure if the Seoungju-sin (house god) really exists, but we think that building a house or meeting a land is not a mere coincidence, but happens through a string of amazing relationships. We don’t want to bet that a simple result of coincidence became these series of process: the owner was planning to tear down the old house to use the lot as a parking spot, but meeting us changed his mind and eventually saved the old house.Sometimes when we rescue houses from tearing down, we feel that there exists some complicated and bottomless ego in old houses. Usually, building a house is a process between the owner, architect, and land exchanging opinions, making concessions, and giving self-assertiveness. It’s like solving a complicated equation.Save this picture!© Youngchae ParkFixing an old house is like inserting another ego named house barging in the relationship of the land, owner, and architect, and it makes the equation much more complicated. It’s this moment for the architect to listen carefully to each story and convey it between them and synthesize, to deduce a result carefully not to make a quarrel between them. The old house in Domoon-dong became neat and warm again, though we don’t know how much the gods or the owner are satisfied.While renovating the old house, the owner changed his mind about the shape of the new house. The original idea was to build it in a big, rigid form, but he became to ponder about a suitable size for living and comfortable materials. The final shape resembled the old house and also the surrounding mountains.Save this picture!© Youngchae ParkFirst, we divided the house into two and arranged them toward south side to let the sun in. One became a main building(Anchae, 안채) with kitchen and rooms, and the other one became the guest house(Sarang-chae, 사랑채) with livingroom-cum-music salon and attic. In so doing, there became three houses soaring upwards like mountains from the land.Save this picture!© Yong-Kwan KimWhen designing and building a house, we encounter some unexpected situations or unsuspected stories. Onto the framework of time and memories, the will of human and land are placed, to frame present and future. In that respect, architecture is a complicated and multidimensional structure.Save this picture!© Yong-Kwan KimDoors lead us to go somewhere in or out. Gaze of eyes go in and out through windows and space cross between doors. The door let us enter into a new world like the rabbit hole of Alice. Architecture is a door to let us cross the border of world and family, past and present, or present and future.Project gallerySee allShow lessBRG House / Tan Tik Lam ArchitectsSelected ProjectsYangzhou Zhongshuge / Li XiangSelected Projects Share Houses Photographs Save this picture!© Yong-Kwan Kim+ 47 Share Manufacturers: KMEW ArchDaily ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Year:  Aleph in Domoon / studio_GAON “COPY” Projectslast_img read more

Demonstration in Paris for release of US journalists held in North Korea

first_img News News July 6, 2020 Find out more North KoreaAsia – Pacific Receive email alerts RSF_en Help by sharing this information Campaigns North KoreaAsia – Pacific Follow the news on North Korea to go furthercenter_img Around three dozen people including Reporters Without Borders activists demonstrated in Paris today for the release of American journalists Laura Ling and Euna Lee, who have been held by the North Korean authorities for the past four months. The demonstration was held at the Peace Wall, opposite the Eiffel Tower.Ling and Lee were in northern China investigating the trafficking of North Korean women across the border when they were arrested on 17 March on the Tumen River, which forms the border between the two countries. A Pyongyang court sentenced them to 12 years in a labour camp on 8 June. Their guide is being held by the Chinese authorities.During today’s demonstration, photos of the two journalists were hung near the Peace Wall, a monument to harmony between the peoples of the world.The demonstrators appealed to the North Korean authorities to pardon Ling and Lee, who work for California-based Current TV, and stressed that the ability to do reporting in the field is a basic press right.Ling and Lee have both suffered a worrying deterioration in their state of health since their arrests. The North Korean authorities must release the journalists and allow them to rejoin their families as quickly as possibleNorth Korea is one of the hardest countries in the world for the press to cover and the human rights situation there is appalling.Support Euna Lee and Laura LingSign the petition on the Reporters Without Borders website ( As doubt persists on North Korea’s “zero” coronavirus cases, RSF urges for transparency Organisation News April 1, 2020 Find out more Journalists face archaic sanction of capital punishment in some parts of the world July 9, 2009 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Demonstration in Paris for release of US journalists held in North Korea “Without independent journalism, this would be the news” – RSF’s new ad November 18, 2019 Find out morelast_img read more

Mercer, Aon Hewitt blame QE for Dutch schemes’ funding woes

first_imgMercer and Aon Hewitt have suggested the European Central Bank’s (ECB) programme for monetary easing through the large-scale purchase of government bonds is to blame for Dutch pension schemes’ funding decreases in March. Both consultancies estimated that the coverage ratio of Dutch pension funds fell to 104% on average over the month, with Aon Hewitt reporting a 2-percentage-point drop.Dutch schemes’ ‘policy funding’, based on the 12-month average of current coverage, fell to 108% on average.Aon Hewitt noted that current funding had fallen below the required minimum of 105% and attributed the decrease largely to the ECB’s quantitative easing (QE) programme. It said the drop of interest rates in March increased Dutch pension funds’ liabilities by 7.1% in March.Mercer concluded that, on balance, the coverage ratio had fallen by 3 percentage points since the ECB initiated QE on 9 March.The consultancy pointed out that the 30-year swap rate had dropped 46 basis points to 0.8% over this period, causing liabilities to increase by 6.3% for the average pension fund.However, this was, in part, offset by returns as a result of the interest hedge on liabilities, it added.For the first quarter, Mercer said the 30-year swap rate had decreased from 1.46% to 0.8%, leading to a 9% increase in liabilities.However, the negative impact of this was mitigated by a combination of interest hedges, rising equity markets and a drop in the euro relative to other main currencies.This was a benefit to pension funds with no currency hedges, or limited ones, according to Dennis van Ek, actuary at Mercer.He attributed the drop in policy funding to the relatively high coverage of the first quarter of 2014, which is gradually disappearing from the 12-month average and being replaced by the relatively lower funding of the past three months.Aon Hewitt estimated that policy coverage – now the criterion for indexation and rights cuts – dropped by 1 percentage point in March to 108%.This is 2 percentage points short of the level where pension funds can start granting inflation compensation.Frank Driessen, chief commercial officer for retirement and financial management at Aon Hewitt, concluded that the prospects for indexation would decline further in the coming years.“As the current coverage ratio has been lower than the policy funding for quite a while, the latter is to decrease further,” he said.“As a consequence of the low interest rates, many pension funds must submit a recovery plan with supervisor DNB before 1 June.” Mercer’s Van Ek also noted that the current coverage without the application of the ultimate forward rate (UFR) was 95%.This is equal to the average funding at the start of the financial crisis in 2008, when pension funds had no obligation to use the UFR for discounting liabilities.Earlier in that year, before equity markets collapsed, Dutch schemes’ funding stood at 144% on average.last_img read more