Between after-school activities, homework and other obligations, kids have a lot of competition for the time they should devote to sleep.Many kids — and adults, for that matter — don’t get enough sleep. On average, high school students need between seven and 11 hours of sleep. For younger kids, even more time is needed: 12 hours for school-age kids, 13 hours for preschoolers and close to 14 hours for toddlers.Signs and symptoms of sleep deprivationThere are several symptoms that can clue parents into whether their child is getting enough sleep.“Irritability, being hard to wake up in the morning, complaining about being tired, falling asleep in the middle of things and lack of concentration are all symptoms of sleep deprivation,” said Associate Professor Diane Bales, University of Georgia Cooperative Extension human development specialist. “Even excessive energy can be a mechanism that kids use to keep themselves awake.”There may be long-term physical effects of lack of sleep, such as obesity in adults.”Although research about sleep deprivation and obesity risk has not been done in children, it would make sense that the research would apply to children as well,” Bales said.Causes of sleep deprivationThere are many reasons why people don’t get enough sleep. The one usually cited is that they’re too busy.“Lots of kids of many different ages do a lot of things,” Bales said. “But a lot of people don’t understand the importance of sleep, and how damaging it is to not get enough sleep, so they don’t prioritize it.”Technology also plays a growing role in keeping kids up too late, she added. Light from cellphones and other electronic devices can make falling asleep difficult. Things seen or read online can create overstimulation.It’s easy for kids and adults to get drawn into games, conversations and other sources of online engagement before bed. That time online can eat into sleep time and make it harder for adults and children to fall asleep after they turn off their devices.Even without electronic interference, sometimes it’s simply hard to wind down after sports practice or hours spent on homework, even if enough time is allotted for sleep.Sleep solutionsBuilding schedules and routines is key to making sure kids get enough sleep. Parents should establish this is by counting back from the time the kids need to leave for school.“If the child needs 10 hours of sleep, you have to back up 10 hours from that wake-up time, and the child needs to be in bed by then,” Bales said.The other piece of the bedtime puzzle involves setting up routines that help kids relax.“It’s key to plan out when they need to have a bath, when to turn off electronics and what routine is going to help the child wind down,” she said.Building a bedtime routine will also help kids ease back into school.“Parents need to start early in the summer,” Bales said. “A lot of times, kids get off their normal sleep schedule during summer break. Parents shouldn’t wait until school starts to make that adjustment back to the school year bedtime routine.”Bales suggests backing up the bedtime by 15 minutes every few days for a few weeks.When parents create a bedtime routine, they should think back to advice from their parents and grandparents.“It’s about turning down the lights, reading a book, taking a warm bath and having some kind of a ritual that’s part of bedtime,” she said.
PIMCO, Blackstone, Investec, Mesirow, Actiam, VNU, Mercer, Neuberger Berman, SEI, Nomura, SSGA, DWS, JOHCM, Mirabaud, Candriam, BNP Paribas AMPIMCO – The €240.7bn fixed income specialist has hired John Studzinski from private assets giant Blackstone as managing director and vice chairman. In the newly created position, he will feed in to strategy and advisory functions, PIMCO said.Chief executive officer Emmanuel Roman described Studzinski as “a true statesman in the world of global finance”.At Blackstone, Studzinski was a senior managing director and vice chairman for investor relations and bsuiness development. He had particular responsibility for the company’s top clients, including sovereign and institutional investors. Studzinski also worked for Morgan Stanley for many years, including has head of European investment banking, and also helped establish HSBC’s investment banking division.Investec Asset Management – Richard Haxe has joined the €117bn asset management firm as a managing director for its European client group. He has been tasked with building out Investec’s European business.Haxe joins from Wellington Asset Management where he oversaw client relations across Europe, the Middle East and Africa (EMEA). He has also led EMEA region business for Alliance Bernstein and Rothschild Asset Management. Mesirow Financial – The currency management specialist has named Dominick Mondi as its new chief executive officer, effective 1 October. He is currently the company’s president and has worked at Mesirow for nearly 10 years. He replaces Richard Price, currently chairman and CEO, who will become executive president for a five-year term.Actiam – The €56bn Dutch asset manager Actiam – part of insurer Vivat – has appointed Wilma Schouten as chief risk officer, succeeding John Shen. She joins from APG Pensioenfonds Services, where she worked in a similar role. Prior to this, Schouten was head of risk management at electronics giant Philips and head of market risk at Rabobank International.The executive board of Actiam also comprises Hans van Houwelingen (CEO) and Dudley Keiller (CTO). Raymond de Kuiper, head of insurance clients, is acting CIO, while Actiam seeks a successor for Arnold Gast, who left after just a year in the job.VNU Pensioenfonds – Marcel Rutte has started as chairman of the €594m pension fund of publishing firm VNU. He succeeds Ed Penninx , who has left after 12 years at the helm. Rutte has been a trustee at the scheme since 2009.Mercer – The consulting giant has named Angelika Delen to lead its new Austrian investment consulting business as head of institutional and socially responsible investment. She was previously head of institutional sales at Amundi Austria, and has also worked for Volksbank Investments, Falcon Europe and AIG Investments.Josef Papousek, managing director of Mercer in Austria, said: “The political developments worldwide and their effects on capital markets as well as persistently low interest rates pose new challenges for institutional investors and companies in Austria. Therefore, it was a logical step for us to support them with our own unit.”Neuberger Berman – The independent asset manager has appointed Alberto Salato to a newly created role of head of southern Europe. Based in Milan, he will oversee the firm’s distribution efforts in Italy, Spain and Portugal. He previously led BlackRock’s Italian institutional business for more than 10 years, and has also worked for Franklin Templeton and JP Morgan Private Banking.SEI – Alistair Jones has joined from Schroders as an advice director, tasked with giving strategic investment advice to the fiduciary manager’s institutional client base. At Schroders he was an investment strategist in the group’s portfolio solutions team, and has also worked at Aon Hewitt and Watson Wyatt (now Willis Towers Watson).Nomura Asset Management – The Japanese fund management group has hired Peter Ball to lead its distribution efforts in the EMEA region. He joins from Kames Capital, the UK-based asset manager owned by Aegon, where he was head of global distribution and director of its institutional business. He has previously led institutional operations at JP Morgan Asset Management and the investment arm of JLT Employee Benefits.State Street Global Advisors – SSGA has appointed Stefan Kuhn as managing director and head of exchange-traded funds (ETFs) for Germany, responsible for oversight of the SPDR ETF business in Germany across all client bases.He joins from Lyxor where he was head of ETF sales, and was previously head of flow rates and BNP Paribas. During the course of a 20-year career he has worked at Morgan Stanley, Sal Oppenheim, Banco Santander and JP Morgan.DWS – The asset management arm of Deutsche Bank has appointed Hartwig Kos to lead asset allocation within its multi-asset team. He will join the group’s Frankfurt office in early 2019, DWS said. He is currently co-head of multi-asset and vice chief investment officer at SYZ Asset Management in London, and was previously an investment director at Barings’ global multi-asset operations.JO Hambro Capital Management – The UK based investment house has hired Aled Smith as investment director, tasked with overseeing JOHCM’s 16 strategy teams and adding to its talent pool.Smith joins from M&G Investments, where he was director of the equity business and equity fund manager. He will join JOHCM on 24 September in its London office.Mirabaud Asset Management – The Swiss asset manager has hired Hamid Amoura from BNP Paribas to aid its implementation of environmental, social and corporate governance (ESG) investment strategies. Amoura spent 12 years at BNP Paribas, latterly as the central co-ordinator for the company’s ESG implementation efforts.Candriam – Thomas Kälin has joined the €112.6bn investment house as a senior client relationship manager for the wholesale and institutional markets. Based in Zurich, the company said his appointment reinforced the importance of Switzerland as a core market. Kälin was previously a client director at GAM, and has also worked at Credit Suisse and Bank Leu.BNP Paribas Asset Management – Peter Abbott has been appointed head of European large-cap equities at the French asset manager with effect from 1 October. He succeeds Andrew King, who is leaving the company “to puruse external opportunities”, the group said in a statement.Abbott is one of the founding members of the European large-cap equities team, BNP Paribas said, having joined ABN Amro Asset Management in 2007. BNP Paribas concluded its purchase of ABN Amro this month.