AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORERose Parade grand marshal Rita Moreno talks New Year’s Day outfit and ‘West Side Story’ remake Cedar Point in Sandusky, Ohio, had 3.1 million, good enough for 18th but off 2 percent from last year. Worldwide, amusement park attendance increased 2.2 percent to 253 million visitors in 2005. Most major parks don’t release their attendance figures, but the Amusement Business numbers are considered the most reliable estimates in the industry. Six Flags Inc., which invested $135 million in new rides and attractions around the nation for the 2005 season, was rewarded with a 5.7 percent increase across the chain, according to Amusement Business. The opening of a water park at its Six Flags Great America park in Gurnee, Ill., helped boost attendance by 24 percent. Magic Mountain opened its new Batman Stunt Show feature and will follow up in the spring with the new thrill ride Tatsu. Six Flags California ranked 22nd. Attendance rose 5 percent in 2005 at Six Flags California’s two Valencia theme parks, together among the top 25 theme parks in the nation. An estimated 176 million visitors – 2.8 million locally at Magic Mountain and Hurricane Harbor – visited North America’s most popular parks, according to an annual survey released this week by the trade publication Amusement Business and the research firm Economics Research Associates. Attendance at the nation’s 50 most popular amusement parks rose 4.2 percent overall this year, powered by strong investments in new rides, the 50th anniversary of Disneyland and a hurricane season that bypassed the theme park capital of Orlando, Fla. Attendance was off at two Ohio facilities in the publication’s list of the top 25 best-attended North American amusement parks. Paramount’s Kings Island in southwest Ohio had 3.3 million visitors in 2005 to place 16th, but was down 5.1 percent overall. The Cedar Fair parks saw attendance rise 1.6 percent. But its California-based Knott’s Berry Farm park declined 3 percent, mainly because of a rainy first quarter, and its flagship Cedar Point park in Ohio declined despite the introduction of the maXair ride. Cedar Point planned to lower admission prices by $5 a ticket, a counterintuitive move in an industry that annually raises its prices. The goal is to have more people go through the turnstiles in a market that has struggled economically with layoffs in the automotive industry, said Brian Witherow, a Cedar Fair vice president. The Sandusky-based park’s three biggest markets are Detroit, Cleveland and Toledo, Ohio. “Clearly, we can’t control things like gas prices and unemployment rates in our core market … but one thing we can control is the admission price,” Witherow said. Neither a rainy spring in California nor a parade of destructive hurricanes in the southeast slowed down growth in the $10 billion industry, which had strong momentum from last year, the first year attendance had increased since the 2001 terrorist attacks hobbled the U.S. tourism and travel industry. Those parks that acquired new rides in 2005 saw their investments pay off while those parks that had an off-year in their capital investment cycle, for the most part, experienced attendance dips, said James Zoltak, editor of Amusement Business. Universal’s two parks in Orlando, Universal Studios and Islands of Adventures, each saw declines of 8.5 percent, while attendance at Universal Studios Hollywood dipped 6 percent. All three parks came off strong attendance increases in 2004 and the parks in 2005 didn’t introduce an excitement-generating thrill ride comparable to 2004’s Revenge of the Mummy ride. Tom Schroder, a Universal spokesman, said 2004’s high-flying attendance figures were a tough act to follow. “The bar was raised so incredibly high for us by spectacular attendance in 2004, combined with a very competitive environment to higher gas prices,” Schroder said. “2005 was just slightly less great than 2004.” Amusement Business also said a worldwide marketing juggernaut highlighting the 50th anniversary of Disneyland at Disney’s parks around the world may also have siphoned off some attendance at the Universal parks. The Walt Disney Co.’s four parks in Florida and two parks in California benefited from the celebration with new rides, stage shows and parades. The Florida parks had attendance increases of between 5 percent and 6.5 percent, while Disneyland and Disney’s California Adventure in Anaheim, respectively, saw growth of 8.5 percent and 3.6 percent. The Magic Kingdom at Walt Disney World in Orlando, with 16.1 million visitors, and Disneyland in California, with 14.5 million visitors, were not only the two most visited parks in North America in 2005, but they were the best-attended parks in the world. In North America, the remaining top five spots were filled out with Disney’s other Florida parks: Epcot, Disney- MGM Studios and Animal Kingdom. Disney parks in the United States, Japan and France took up the top eight spots in attendance worldwide. “We think that certainly the 50th anniversary of Disneyland has resonated with consumers, not just here in California but really all over the world,” said Lisa Haines, vice president of strategic communications at Walt Disney Parks & Resorts. Anheuser Busch-owned parks saw sharp increases at locations with new thrill rides. Busch Gardens Tampa Bay added the Sheikra ride this year and saw an attendance boost of 5.1 percent, while Busch Gardens in Williamsburg, Va., added the DarKastle thrill ride and had an 8.3 percent jump. Viacom Inc.’s Paramount Parks unit had a chainwide increase of 2.2 percent. A list of the 25 best-attended amusement parks in 2005 The top 25 best-attended North American amusement parks in 2005, their attendance and the percentage change from last year. 1. Magic Kingdom at Walt Disney World in Orlando, Fla., 16.1 million, up 6.5 percent 2. Disneyland in Anaheim, 14.5 million, up 8.5 percent 3. Epcot at Walt Disney World in Orlando, 9.9 million, up 5.5 percent 4. Disney-MGM Studios at Walt Disney World in Orlando, 8.6 million, up 5 percent 5. Disney’s Animal Kingdom at Walt Disney World in Orlando, 8.2 million, up 5 percent 6. Universal Studios in Orlando, 6.1 million, down 8.5 percent 7. Disney’s California Adventure in Anaheim, 5.8 million, up 3.6 percent 8. Islands of Adventure at Universal Orlando, 5.76 million, down 8.5 percent 9. SeaWorld Orlando, 5.6 million, up 0.2 percent 10. Universal Studios Hollywood, 4.7 million, down 6 percent 11. Adventuredome at Circus Circus in Las Vegas, 4.5 million, up 2.3 percent 12. Busch Gardens Tampa Bay, Fla., 4.3 million, up 5.1 percent 13. SeaWorld San Diego, 4.1 million, up 2.5 percent 14. Paramount Canada’s Wonderland in Maple, Ontario, 3.6 million, up 7 percent 15. Knott’s Berry Farm in Buena Park, 3.47 million, up 3 percent 16. Paramount’s Kings Island in Kings Island, Ohio, 3.3 million, down 5.1 percent 17. Morey’s Piers in Wildwood, N.J., 3.1 million, up 1 percent 18. Cedar Point in Sandusky, Ohio, 3.1 million, down 2 percent 19. Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk in Santa Cruz, Calif., 3 million, flat 20. Six Flags Great Adventure in Jackson, N.J., 2.9 million, up 6 percent 21. Six Flags Great America in Gurnee, Ill., 2.8 million, up 24 percent 22. Six Flags California’s Magic Mountain in Valencia, 2.8 million, up 5 percent 23. Hersheypark in Hershey, Pa., 2.7 million, flat 24. Busch Gardens, Williamsburg, Va., 2.6 million, up 8.3 percent 25. Dollywood in Pigeon Forge, Tenn., 2.3 million, up 7.3 percent Source: Amusement Business and Economics Research Associates 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
Will it be possible in the future to reduce fat, build muscle, and strengthen bones with an injection of a hormone?A hormone that seems to turn mice into mighty mouse is showing more promise (see 3/11/15 and 11/07/06) despite controversy over initial claims (Science article). A new paper in PNAS finds that the newly discovered hormone irisin helps mice build stronger bones. Is a cure for osteoporosis around the corner?Although exercise is a well known and potent stimulus for new bone formation, and weightlessness or muscle loss characteristically cause bone loss, it has remained unclear how muscle talks to bone, despite their close proximity. Here, we show that a molecule irisin derived from skeletal muscle in response to exercise has profound effects in enhancing mass and improving the geometry and strength specifically of cortical bone, the key function of which is to resist bending and torsion. Trabecular bone, which is a reservoir for bodily calcium, is remarkably spared. Irisin may therefore not only be the molecule responsible for muscle–bone connectivity, but could also become a therapy for sarcopenia and osteoporosis, which occur in tandem in the elderly.Science Magazine speculates on the connection this hormone makes between the two tissues: “They don’t yet know which receptors irisin interacts with, but they suggest it prompts the production of proteins that in turn increase the expression of key genes—those that drive immature cells to differentiate into osteoblasts, which synthesize new bone.” Science Mag reminded readers that irisin has also shown promise for building muscle and reducing fat:Previous research found that exercise prompts muscles to secrete this protein fragment into the bloodstream, and that it may help burn fat by causing energy-storing white fat cells to act like energy-burning brown fat cells, although its activity in humans is still controversial.Science Daily says that the new finding helps explain why exercise is good for the bones. “Implications of the study are far reaching,” the article states. “It is known that physical exercise, and the physical force it applies to bone, benefits metabolic and skeletal health.” Since muscle atrophy and bone weakness often occur together, “Understanding this molecular connection between muscle and bone gives us hope for treating age-related bone and muscle loss at the same time, with the same agent,” the lead author says.Outdoor VitalityCouch potatoes will love irisin pills some day. They can flop on the couch and watch football games, and afterward look like the players. Whether or not that day comes, there is still good reason to get outdoors. Medical Xpress says that our immune system may be the pathway between nature and good health.Research has found evidence that spending time in nature provides protections against a startling range of diseases, including depression, diabetes, obesity, ADHD, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and many more. How this exposure to green space leads to better health has remained a mystery. After reviewing hundreds of studies examining nature’s effects on health, University of Illinois environment and behavior researcher Ming Kuo believes the answer lies in nature’s ability to enhance the functioning of the body’s immune system.Not only that, nature can help prevent asthma. Science Magazine also reports that children raised around farm animals are exposed to bacteria in farm dust that stimulates an immune response in the lungs that later protects them from asthmatic disease. As a result, children raised on farms are much less likely to develop asthma and other respiratory maladies. A study published in Science “offers new support for the so-called hygiene hypothesis, a 26-year-old idea that posits that our modern zeal for cleanliness and widespread use of antibiotics have purged the environment of microorganisms that once taught a child’s developing immune system not to overreact to foreign substances.”Hygiene freaks may need to reconsider their habits. Cleanliness is good, but our bodies need some exposure to bacteria to hone our immune systems. As for antibacterial soaps, don’t bother; they are no threat to germs, Medical Xpress says. Live Science adds that regular soaps work just as well as the antibacterial varieties. One needs to get a little bit dirty to enjoy natural scenes like this:Our Creator always gives more than we give Him. When we take the time to explore His magnificent creation by getting outdoors, and glorifying Him with thanksgiving, He rewards us with better bones, stronger muscles, an enhanced immune system, and mental health. You can’t outgive God. (Visited 55 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Seed Consultants, welcomes Brandon Beck as a new area seedsman covering Northwest Indiana. Brandon holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Business from Ball State University and has been working with farmers in Northwest Indiana for the last seven years.“Brandon is focused on servicing the needs of his customers and has a strong passion for the seed industry,” said Brian George, Regional Sales Manager for SCI.