Dear EditorBy virtue of the Constitution of the Cooperative Republic of Guyana (the Constitution), the Caribbean Court of Justice Act 2004 (CCJ Act) and the Agreement Establishing the Caribbean Court of Justice (the Agreement), the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ) is Guyana’s highest court of superior record, whose orders must not be disobeyed.I make this statement in light of words which the media, on Friday, June 21, 2019, attributed to two senior Government Ministers. Media reports are Minister of State, Mrs Dawn Hastings-Williams said that “GECOM is the only authoritative body that will inform the Government whether they’re ready or not for elections. CCJ cannot rule; Guyana has its own institution.” She is also said to have told reporters that “Guyana is an independent country with its own independent laws”.Meanwhile, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Dr Karen Cummings, was quoted as saying that “we abide by the rules but at the same time, we have to take care of our sovereignty”.The statements were made against the backdrop of the CCJ’s judgment in the no-confidence cases.These words seem to suggest that Guyana can ignore an order of the CCJ on the basis of independence or sovereignty. It is a curious curiosity that Ministers occupying the highest strata of Government office would hold such opinions on legal questions, and more gravely, share those opinions with members of the public.Surely, the nature of both of these portfolios dictates, at least, a working knowledge of the nature, function, and powers of the CCJ. Moreover, both Ministers have the benefit of competent in-house counsel, and/or the assistance of the Attorney General’s Chambers. I am, therefore, prepared to assume that despite the words used, neither Minister intended to suggest that ignoring an order of the CCJ is an option.However, intentional or not, posts across several social media platforms suggest that this is exactly what was received by many Guyanese. In the premises, and in contemplation of the fact that a monumental number of Guyanese depend exclusively on senior Government officials for statements of political, socio-economic, and legal fact, I take this opportunity to offer some clarity.The CCJ is a creature of the Agreement, a regional treaty by which Guyana is bound. Article III (1) (b) of the Agreement establishes the appellate jurisdiction of the CCJ, and “the decisions of the court are final”: Article III (2). Guyana signed the Agreement on 14 February 2001.In the same year, Article 123 (4), was added to the Constitution to allow Parliament to “…make provision…authorising any court established or to be established, as the final court of appeal for the Caribbean to be the final court of appeal for Guyana.” It is apposite to note that Article 123 (4) of the Constitution, one in a suite of amendments in the Constitution (Amendment) (Number 4) Act 2001, was specifically engineered, and effected to permit Parliament power to accept the then not yet established CCJ as Guyana’s final court.Parliament exercised that power when it passed the CCJ Act, which, by section 3, gave the entire Agreement legal force in Guyana. As such, decisions from the Court of Appeal may be appealed to the CCJ, whose decisions in those matters are authoritative, and final. Indeed, the result eventuated by these laws is that while the CCJ exists outside of Guyana’s terrestrial jurisdiction, it exists, and functions within our judicial hierarchy, and legal framework.On the subject of sovereignty, contemporary international law authorities espouse the generally accepted view that sovereignty is of variable magnitude, shrinking, or expanding in accordance with the contraction, or proliferation of international law. Views that sovereignty is either constant or absolute are outdated.Furthermore, Guyana exercised this sovereignty in agreeing to be bound by the appellate jurisdiction of the CCJ. In doing so, it willingly ceded a portion of its sovereignty in so far as it is bound by law to comply with orders of a regional court. This reality exemplifies the view often iterated by Professor Duke EE Pollard that the essence of sovereignty is the faculty to compromise it.In the premises, any suggestion that an order of the CCJ may be ignored in the name of independence or sovereignty is folly. Further, while GECOM is best placed to determine when elections can practically be held, if the court finds that GECOM’s actions or considerations fall outside of what is required, it may make an order which influences when elections are held.Sincerely,Chevy A Devonish
A week after the disappearance of 14-year-old Doothmattie Persaud, also known as Emily, her parents are appealing to members of the public for their help in finding the teen who allegedly ran away from home on Thursday, September 1.Missing: Doothmattie Persaud, aka EmilyPersaud, who resides at Lot 30 Industry Crown Dam, East Coast Demerara, was last seen by her mother, Lalita Seegobin-Hussain, on September 1 at P&R Taxi Service at Lot 60 William and Queen Streets, Kitty, Georgetown, wearing a blue top, blue Capri pants and a pair of black slippers.The teen’s mother reportedly went into labour on August 31, leaving Persaud and her younger brother in the care of her uncle. Her mother told Guyana Times that before she went to the hospital, she left money and jewellery with her daughter.After Seegobin-Hussain gave birth, she saw her eldest daughter on the morning of September 1, and, according to her, her daughter seemed elated.The teen’s mother said that shortly after the visit, Persaud called her and disclosed that she was unable to find a gold bangle which was left with her earlier.“I said ‘how you loss it?’, and she said she put it in the bag and like somebody take it out. I say ‘alright, when I come home, I gon deal with it. I gotta discharge’,” Seegobin-Hussain said.Upon meeting with her mother to discuss the issue, Persaud said that she was in the company of a friend prior to her discovery of the missing jewellery. A report about the matter was lodged at the Kitty Police Station.The family continued their day as per normal; however, her mother realised around 16:00h that same day she had not seen Persaud.After checking, she found a letter which was left by Persaud and which insinuated that she had run away“… (it said) that she lost forever, she gone, that God bless me with a next daughter and she gone. Let I don’t stress, and let me don’t take on no worries, that whenever the time is right, she is going to come back,” the teen’s mother highlighted.In tears, Seegobin-Hussain noted that since Persaud left the home, she has been trying to call her cellphone, but the last call on Saturday was answered by a man. “He was very abusive, he said he’s in Bartica and if I need to speak to my daughter, I have to talk money talk first.”The distraught mother explained that since then, the cellular phone has been unreachable.Seegobin-Hussain noted that this was not the first time that Persaud has opted to disappear, as a few years ago, she left the home for a few hours to visit her boyfriend at the time, unbeknownst to her parents.The teen’s mother said that she has no knowledge of her daughter having another boyfriend.The matter was reported to the Kitty Police Station and an investigation launched.Seegobin-Hussain is requesting that anyone with information with regard to Doothmattie Persaud make contact with the nearest police station or contact her directly on 592-620-0191 or 592-684-1692.
Sinoe County’s Superintendent and his Assistant for Development, Thomas Romeo Quioh, and H. Sneh Johnson, have revealed that the July 26 Special Projects are expected to be completed today Monday, and subsequently turned over to the County Administration. But the contractors have suggested Wednesday.Supt. Quioh and Mr. Johnson, in separate interviews, told the Daily Observer that the Superintendent’s Lodge and House, as well as the Youth Center and Children’s Playground would be turned over today to be decorated for Thursday’s dedication by President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf as part of the country’s 168th independence celebration taking place this year in Greenville, Sinoe County.But the supervisors of the two construction companies, who begged anonymity, told our reporter that the completion of the projects would be done either Tuesday or Wednesday.A tour by our reporter, who is on special assignment in Greenville, Sinoe revealed that the Superintendent’s Lodge and House could be completed on Tuesday if a 24 hour round the clock stint is undertaken to get the job done on time. But it is impossible that the Youth Center will be fully completed this week in time for the dedication.As part of the Projects, the President is also expected to “light” Greenville upon her arrival (Monday or Tuesday) and a tour by our reporter revealed that this will most likely be accomplished if the all-night and all-day shifts continue. But any interruption could push the lighting of Greenville City to this weekend.Unfortunately, besides the erection of the special projects which beautify Greenville, most of the houses in the city are still unpainted. If the Greenville City Corporation (GCC) and County Administration do not insist or enforce City Ordinances, Greenville may be unable to give its distinguished visitors a unique, beautiful and colorful welcome.The Mayor of GCC, Madam Barbara Kieh, could not be reached up to press time last night to enquire if her office is doing anything about houses being painted.Besides the houses, the streets also need to be swept clean.Three other major projects, which are not considered among the special projects, but are nonetheless undergoing serious and speedy renovation, are the F.J. Grante Hospital, the James E. Greene Sports Stadium and the Presidential Parking Lot in front of the City Hall.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
But the former Bolton defender worked his way back into Conte’s plans in time to captain Chelsea to their FA Cup final victory over Manchester United earlier this month.That success came just days after Southgate, impressed by Cahill’s resurgence, had named the centre-back in England’s 23-man squad for the World Cup in Russia.That was a big turnaround for Cahill after he was left out for England’s friendlies against the Netherlands and Italy.“I felt like my World Cup chances had taken a knock, missing out on that squad, especially that last squad just before you meet up was kind of a big squad to miss out on,” Southgate said on Monday.“I realised I really had to dig deep to try to perform from there until the end of the season to get myself back in the frame.“Of course, last time I was disappointed, there was a lot going on in that time and I missed the squad. But I always had the belief that I could make the squad.”Cahill’s focus in recent weeks had been on helping Chelsea to a strong end to the season, confident that it would improve his England prospects.“First and foremost, I needed to get my place at Chelsea. We had a huge end to the season with the cup final,” he said.“If I’m totally honest that was all that was in my head, and I knew that if I performed well I’d be in with a shout, just like the rest of the boys who were competing for 23 places.”– Difficult season –Cahill, the most experienced member of England’s squad with 58 caps, added: “It’s very difficult and frustrating when you don’t play regularly. I’ve been lucky to do that for the majority of my career.“If you’re not out there on the pitch, you can’t influence anything, and I know I’m capable of influencing it when I’m playing.”Once the World Cup is over, Cahill will return to Stamford Bridge hoping to make amends for a dismal Premier League season that saw the Blues finish fifth and miss out on a place in the Champions League.There is constant speculation that Conte will be replaced before next term amid talk that he has fallen out with Chelsea stars due to his intense personality.Cahill didn’t express his desire for Conte to remain, but he insisted he had enjoyed working with the Italian.“It’s been a strange season, obviously there’s been a lot of speculation for however many months now,” he said.“The season has finished on a high for us, we won a major trophy so that was a great end for everybody: for the fans, for the players and for the staff. What will be this summer, will be.“He’s been good for me, I’ve taken things from him, like I have the rest of the managers. I’ve enjoyed the success we’ve had together. He’s been great.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Gary Cahill is back in favour with England and Chelsea © AFP / Glyn KIRKLONDON, United Kingdom, May 28 – Gary Cahill admits he is relieved to be back in favour with England and Chelsea after a “frustrating” campaign.Cahill found himself dropped by both England manager Gareth Southgate and Chelsea boss Antonio Conte at various times this term.
The traditional curtain raiser for the forthcoming season is upon us already as Chelsea take on Arsenal in the Community Shield on Sunday.Jose Mourinho will be able to call upon Diego Costa and Gary Cahill despite worries about their fitness after the pair picked up niggles on the pre-season tour of the United States.New signing Asmir Begovic is unlikely to make his competitive debut with Thibaut Courtois facing off against the Gunners’ strikeforce instead.Willian and Oscar will also be available after their exploits in the Copa America for Brazil this summer.Mourinho consequently has a full squad to choose from as he goes head-to-head once again with Arsene Wenger. Chelsea players celebrate 1
AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREStriving toward a more perfect me: Doug McIntyre Three men had earlier approached the teens and asked them “Where they were from,” police said. The boys denied any gang affiliation. The suspects fired five to six shots, police said. They then fled eastbound into the west alley of Whittier Avenue to a waiting getaway vehicle, described as a compact car. Witnesses told officers the car left southbound and out of sight. Anyone with information on the case is asked to call the Whittier Police Department at (562) 945-8250. Salsa Grill needs your Fox vote PICO RIVERA – The Salsa Grill needs your help. Nominated as one of L.A.’s best Mexican restaurants on My Fox LA’s Hot List, the eatery is currently a close second in voting. Supporters can log on to www.thesalsagrill.com, scroll down and click “vote” to cast your ballot. A confirmation e-mail will be sent to you from My Fox to tabulate the final vote. Voting continues until Friday. Local restaurants are giving thanks WHITTIER – Several Whittier restaurants are joining the Boys & Girls Club of Whittier to provide a traditional Thanksgiving feast to more than 300 club members and parents Wednesday night. Marie Callender’s, El Pollo Loco, Red Robin, Chili’s, Subway at the Quad, Acapulco, Domino’s and Ralphs have all donated food. Many of the club’s children come from economically disadvantaged households, so the feast will be a welcome holiday treat. The Boys & Girls Club is open throughout school vacations during the holidays but will be closed on Friday to give staff time with their families. Special holiday hours are 10a.m. to 6 p.m. beginning Dec. 17 through Jan. 4. For information, call (562) 945-3787, ext. 107. Domino’s raising dough for St. Jude WHITTIER – The recognized world leader in pizza delivery is gearing up to raise some dough for the kids at St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital during its 2007 “Thanks and Giving” campaign. The Domino’s at 13205 Whittier Blvd. is asking customers to donate a dollar or two with their orders to benefit St. Jude. The campaign runs through Dec. 31. St. Jude is recognized internationally for its pioneering work in finding cures for children with cancer and other catastrophic diseases. For information, call (562) 945-7693. Prayer breakfast on tap Dec. 7 WHITTIER – The YMCA of Greater Whittier is sponsoring the 28th annual Christmas Prayer Breakfast at 7 a.m. Dec. 7 at the Radisson Hotel Whittier, 7320 Greenleaf Ave. The featured speaker is Dr. Lloyd J. Ogilvie, former chaplain of the U.S. Senate and pastor of Hollywood Presbyterian Church. The breakfast costs $15 per person or $150 for a table of 10. Reservations are required and seating is limited. RSVP by Dec.3 at (562) 907-2727. – From staff reports 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! WHITTIER – Detectives are looking for three men who are suspected of shooting and wounding two teens on Friday. The 17-year-old victims, both Whittier residents, were still in hospitals on Monday, according to Whittier police Officer Jason Zuhlke. He said the teens were listed in stable condition. One was shot in the hip while the other was struck in the leg. The shooting happened Friday afternoon in the 7200 block of Whittier Avenue. Whittier police responding to a call of shots fired with a victim down across the street from John Greenleaf Whittier Park found the second wounded teen.
Huge well done to our U13 boys football team and coaches who defeated Killybegs 6-12 to 1-09 in the South Donegal Division 1 final. The lads put in great team performance with everyone doing their bit. The score taking, tackling and kick passing from both teams was of the highest order. This is the 1st division 1 title we’ve won in a number of years. The lads now play Milford in the county semi final on Wednesday, venue TBA. Well done all.Well done to Hannah Crawford who got U14 development squad player of the year and Casey Harvey who got Minor player of the year from all at Four Masters.The Bord nÓg AGM takes place on Friday 21st October at 8pm in the Abbey Hotel. All welcome. Anyone interested in getting involved with underage teams or administration at Bord na nÓg level should contact Pauric Harvey 0860523905 ASAP. Four Masters Seniors and Reserves play away to Cloughaneely Sunday 23rd October at 1:30pm and 3pm. All support welcome.Congratulations to our Minor Camogie Team who have won the Minor County Championship 2016 after a hard fought battle with Burt on Sunday in Tirchonaill Park. Burt led the match right up until the last five minutes when two super goals sealed the win for a joint team 4Gaels. Final score 4Gaels 3:5 Burt 1:6. Scorers for Four Masters were Niamh Doherty 1:1; Emer Burke 1:0; Aine McGroarty 0:2. Well done to all the team and management.Another wonderful performance served up by our U13 girls vs Glenfin away this evening (Thurs) to book our place in a county semi final. Four Masters wasted no time with Sarah Canny scoring a goal within the first minute of the game. We never lost the lead after that. 2 goals each for Aine Byrne & Sofia Miziri as well as points from Aoife Cox & Ciara Gillespie Cassidy left us 5-2 to 1-4 ahead at half time. The score doesn’t reflect how close the game was but resolute defending and some wonderful point blank saves from Rachel Reid kept us in control. Further points in the second half from Ciara Cox, Lucy Monaghan and Ciara Gillespie Cassidy kept our lead in tact. Ciara Cox & Emma Sweeney added goals with Four Masters running out 7.5 to 2.6 winners. This was a great team performance with the girls displaying improvement all over the pitch. All the players gave 100% while on the pitch, defending strongly and attacking with great accuracy. Well done to all the girls and good luck in the semi final.Club Lotto: There was no winner of the lotto jackpot €3,000 in week 14 of the 2016/17 season draw held in the Abbey Hotel on the 17th October 2016. The €50 winners in the lucky dip were Billy Johnston, Old Golf Course Rd and Paul Gallagher, Doonan. The numbers drawn were 7, 8, 15 and 21. Congratulation to all winners. The next draw takes place on the the 24th of October. Club Lotto: Renew Subscriptions, the club would ask all persons that are members of our lotto to pay annual subscription to sellers of to treasurer Paul Timoney 0872791305. New members are welcome with quarterly and half yearly subscriptions available.Club Notes: Any club managers, mentors or members who wish to have information included in the club notes should email firstname.lastname@example.org before Monday at lunchtime to ensure it is included. Follow us via facebook, twitter, club app and www.fourmastersgaa.com Four Masters U13’s produce superb performance to win Divisional Final was last modified: October 18th, 2016 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:four mastersGAASport
Stephen Curry is going to be out for at least three months after he had surgery on his broken left hand Friday morning in Los Angeles.I have some thoughts. Forty-five, to be exact.1. Curry will miss the Warriors’ next 45 games — at least. (Are you picking up what I’m laying down?) How many of those games will Draymond Green miss? I’d like to think the majority. The last five years have taken the largest toll on Green’s body — his shoulder is mashed potatoes, his elbow is all sorts of messed …
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The 52nd episode of the Ohio Ag Net Podcast, brought to you by AgriGold, is packed with the agricultural issues of the day.Ty Higgins has some viewpoint on the recent trade dispute between the U.S. and China in which agriculture is caught in the crosshairs as he talks with Mike Steenhoek, executive director of the Soy Transportation Coalition.Matt Reese hears from Jenna Gregorich, bird health programs manager for the Ohio Poultry Association. OPA held their annual banquet this past weekend.Dale Minyo was the Ohio Dairy Producers Association Spring Meeting and visited with ODPA’s Scott Higgins.All that and more fun conversation in the Ohio Ag Net Podcast.
During the Westford Symposium on Building Science in 2010,* I was watching the tweets from the people who were there. At one point, I saw this one: “@EFL_Guy: ‘Air leaks through surfaces, not volume’ Joe Lstiburek.” I’d been meaning to blog about this issue for a while, so I wrote an article about it. Now, a couple of years later, it’s time for a little update. Also, between my original article and this update, Lstiburek wrote an excellent article on what blower doors are good at: Just Right and Airtight. You’ll want to read that article, too.If you know nothing about the field of building science, Joe’s statement above probably seems so obvious that you wonder why anyone would even utter it. Had it only been so obvious to a few more people back in the early days of testing buildings for infiltration, we wouldn’t be in the mess we’re in now. Volume is the wrong quantity to normalize blower door resultsWhy volume?! It’s perfectly obvious that if you want to normalize a number, you divide by something that makes sense. Would it make sense to measure the efficiency of your car in miles per square foot of gasoline? That’s a similarly absurd ratio, because you pay for gallons of gasoline, and a given volume of gasoline can have different surface areas depending on the shape of the container. (That reminds me of the joke about the spherical cow.)It’s the same with houses. Just as two homes with the same CFA can have different surface areas, two houses with the same volume can have different surface areas. And, as Joe said, air leaks through the surface, not through the volume, so not only do we not care about volume when we’re talking about air infiltration, it’s misleading.Normalizing to volume also builds in a bias toward larger homes. Since surface area is proportional to the square of the radius and volume is proportional to the cube of the radius, the volume increases faster than the surface area as a house grows in size. So, large houses benefit when dividing by volume instead of surface area. How do we compare air leakage in homes of different sizes?The reason we’re talking about this, of course, is that we want to be able to compare the blower door test results for houses of different sizes. If I told you that I have two friends who both weigh 200 pounds, you’d have no idea if either is overweight. If I then tell you that one is 6’4″ and the other is 5’2″, you now have a better picture of the situation. The former is at a normal weight for his height, while the latter is obese. We can “normalize” the results by taking their heights into consideration.We generally talk about the size of houses in terms of the square footage of conditioned floor area (CFA). Fortunately, no one decided to institutionalize a blower door metric using that quantity because, although leakage would scale with CFA, it doesn’t yield an accurate picture. As you already know from the title of this article and from Joe’s statement, air leakage occurs at the surface of the building enclosure, which doesn’t keep the same proportion to the CFA for different houses. A 3,000-square-foot ranch house, for example, will have more enclosure area than a 3,000-square-foot colonial, because more of its floor and ceiling areas are part of the enclosure. RELATED ARTICLES Blower Door Testers Wanted — Scientists and Engineers PreferredHow Much Air Leakage in Your Home Is Too Much?Blower Door BasicsQuestions and Answers About Air BarriersPinpointing Leaks With a Fog Machine * Yes, that was the one that inspired one of my most popular articles, I Don’t Need No Stinkin’ Building Science Summer Camp. You want a fair comparisonThe whole reason to divide the cfm50 by anything is so that you can compare infiltration rates in different size houses. If you can’t get a fair comparison between small houses and large houses if we use volume, why are we using volume?Here’s another example for you. Let’s say you want to paint your house, so you go to Dummies.com, where they tell you that it takes about one gallon per 350 square feet of surface area you’re going to paint. What if over at Elstupido.com, however, they told you that you’ll need one gallon for each thousand cubic feet of volume? Whose advice are you going to take? Right! Dummies are better than El Stupidos. You’re not painting the volume; you’re painting the surface.Air leaks into and out of the house through all the surfaces that make up the building enclosure: floors, ceilings, and walls. If you wanted to reduce your home’s air leakage, you wouldn’t seal the volume. You’d seal the leaks through the surfaces. (Just don’t seal those weep holes at the bottom of your brick walls!) These days, everyone who learns how to use a blower door gets indoctrinated into the cult of the ACH (air changes per hour). You take the raw number from your test — cubic feet per minute (cfm) of air flow with a specified pressure difference between the house and the outside (usually 50 Pascals), also called the cfm50 — and you divide it by the volume. (You also multiply by 60 to change minutes to hours.)So we normalize our blower door results using the home’s volume for this metric. An alternative to air changes per hourAs I commented in Martin Holladay’s musing on blower doors a while back, there’s an easy solution to this problem. Let’s use the quantity that Southface uses in the EarthCraft House program: what they call the Envelope Leakage Ratio, or ELR (although I’d call it the Enclosure Leakage Ratio). Divide the cfm50 by the surface area of the building enclosure. It’s simple. It makes sense.Despite my protestations here, I do use ACH50 all the time. It’s pretty well established in energy codes and programs, and it’s probably not going away. Just understand that when you use ACH50, it’s not the best metric and it’s biased toward larger houses.The quantity that I really dislike, however, is ACHnat, which supposedly takes your blower door result and then tells you how leaky the house will be under “natural” conditions, when the blower door is turned off. Next week I’ll tackle that one. Allison Bailes of Decatur, Georgia, is an energy consultant, RESNET-certified trainer, and the author of the Energy Vanguard Blog. You can follow him on Twitter at @EnergyVanguard.