Kaspars Gorkss’ goal against his former club left QPR staring at the prospect of another defeat.Gorkss, who also scored in Rangers’ recent League Cup loss against Reading, pounced after the home side failed to deal with Nick Shorey’s right-wing corner.Sean Morrison headed against the bar and Gorkss’ left-footed follow-up found its way through the hands of keeper Julio Cesar and past Esteban Granero on the line.Rangers, bottom of the table and without a league win this season, were on the back foot for much of the opening 45 minutes.Djibril Cisse, restored to the R’s starting line-up, sent a long-range effort over the bar before Junior Hoilett saw an effort go wide.But Reading remained a threat, especially at set-pieces, with Morrison dominant in the air.And they stayed in front after a brilliant save by keeper Alex McCarthy, who tipped Granero’s free-kick onto the bar before Jose Bosingwa volleyed over from the rebound.QPR (4-4-2): Cesar, Bosingwa, Ferdinand, Nelsen, Traore; Hoilett, Granero, Diakite, Taarabt; Hoilett, Mackie. Subs: Green, Derry, Hill, Wright-Phillips, Onouha, Zamora, Faurlin. 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 Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
FSC largely absent in the tropicsMoney also skews the balance against effective certification in one other important way. Though FSC’s original purpose was to slow tropical deforestation, it has largely been absent from the tropics. Almost 85% of the 492 million acres of forest it has currently certified so far are in North America and Europe. “It’s as if someone outfitted an armada to sail off and fix forest management in the tropics,” says one FSC-watcher, “but instead it sailed off into the North.”The change in direction wasn’t deliberate. Getting certified can be expensive, because of the need to set aside 10% of a forest for conservation, and the cost of improved labor and logging practices. Logging companies in developed countries are often better situated than their tropical counterparts to pay for those changes, or have already made those changes to comply with local laws.The result, says Counsell, is that FSC “is essentially rewarding forestry that’s already better because there is a better forest regulatory regime. It’s failing to transform those countries in the tropics, in the south, where there isn’t a good forest regime, indicating that as a voluntary measure it really isn’t adequate to change practices. And that of course is a big concern.”A 2016 meta-analysis of scientific studies found that FSC certification in the tropics has reduced degradation and improved labor and environmental conditions in the affected forest — no small accomplishment. But other rigorously designed studies looking at overall deforestation indicate that FSC has had little or no effect.That may be yet another money question, says Allen Blackman, an economist at Resources for the Future and lead author of a 2015 study on FSC certification in Mexico. Small-scale, poorly performing logging operations are common in the tropics, and they aren’t the ones likely to get certified. FSC may also have had little effect on deforestation for the simple reason that “a lot of the deforestation in developing countries is not happening associated with forestry operations,” says Blackman.Instead, the driving factor is illegal land use change, meaning conversion of natural forests to palm oil plantations, commercial agriculture, and ranching. The apparent ineffectiveness of certification, Blackman and his co-authors conclude, should “give pause to policymakers” thinking of certification as a tool for addressing deforestation.Combined with the recent evidence of blatant illegality by FSC-certified companies, it might also give pause to consumers who have put their faith in the FSC label. It might give pause to the entire wood products industry, which has profited up to now by turning a blind eye to that illegality. Sooner or later, industry will have to face up to the painful reality that it needs a far more rigorous forest certification scheme, combined with governmental regulation — for instance, to stop those land conversions — if it wants there to be any forests left to profit from in the future. Richard Conniff is a frequent contributor to Yale Environment 360. His articles have appeared in a number of publications, including The New York Times, Smithsonian, and The Atlantic. RELATED ARTICLES Reports of FSC failuresIn a 2014 report, Greenpeace, an FSC member, slammed the organization for standing by as FSC-certified loggers ravaged the Russian taiga, particularly the Dvinsky Forest, more than 700 miles north of Moscow. Greenpeace accused FSC-certified logging companies there of “wood-mining” forests the way they might strip-mine coal, as a nonrenewable resource, and of harvesting “areas that are either slated for legal protection or supposed to be protected as a part of FSC requirements.”In 2015, the U.S. flooring company Lumber Liquidators pleaded guilty to smuggling illegal timber from the last habitat of the Siberian tiger in the Russian Far East. Its main supplier of solid oak flooring was a Chinese company named Xingjia, which held an FSC “chain of custody” certification, meaning it was licensed to handle FSC-certified timber. According to an investigator in the case, another Chinese company marketing to the United States offered to put an FSC label on illegal wood flooring in exchange for a 10% markup.In Peru, investigators determined in 2016 that more than 90% of the timber on two recent shipments bound from the Amazon to Mexico and the U.S. was of illegal origin. In what it called an “unprecedented enforcement action,” the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative last October banned the main exporter in those shipments from the U.S. market. That company, Inversiones La Oroza, still boasts on its website that it “complies with the principles and criteria of Forest Stewardship Council (FSC),” though FSC finally suspended its certification in 2017.In 2015, an undercover investigation implicated an FSC-certified Austrian company, Holzindustrie Schweighofer, in illegal logging in Romania, including some in national parks and other protected areas. An FSC expert panel subsequently recommended that the organization “disassociate” from Holzindustrie Schweighofer based on “clear and convincing evidence” of illegality. FSC opted at first for suspension instead. An outcry from environmentalists soon pushed it to break ties with the company, but FSC is already working on a “roadmap” to bring Schweighofer back into certification. Veto power aids industryMoney questions also handicap FSC in other ways, according to its critics. The organization’s decision-making structure consists of environmental, social, and economic (or industry) chambers, each having an equal vote. But many issues get farmed out to working groups, which can take years to reach a consensus.Lumber certified under Forest Stewardship Council rules carries a distinctive stamp and usually brings higher prices than uncertified wood. (Photo: Gerhard Elsner / Wikimedia Commons)And the reality, says Counsell, is that environmental and social groups typically cannot match the resources and staff hours that logging companies with a financial interest at stake can devote to the process. (Carstensen counters that the environmental and social groups hold their own, in part by their ability to bring media attention to bad behavior.)When a motion ultimately comes to the floor at FSC’s general assemblies, held every three years, each chamber has a veto, meaning the power to block any initiative that goes against its interests. But at the 2017 general assembly, “the development of a voting block by the economic chamber to kill motions,” Grant Rosomon of Greenpeace wrote afterwards, became known as “the red sea” for the red “no” cards industry voters held up in unison.“This was extremely concerning,” said Rosomon, “particularly as high priority issues for the social and environment chambers were voted against without explanation, justification, or prior engagement in the cross-chamber motion preparation process.” He called it “a turning point” in how FSC operates.Industry has also gained sway over FSC because of competition from rival forest-certifying organizations, notably the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC). David Gehl of the Environmental Investigation Agency calls PEFC “basically certification by the industry, for the industry,” minus the social and environmental chambers. Buyers often have trouble distinguishing what Greenpeace calls “fake forest certification” from the real thing. The result is that it’s more difficult for FSC to impose rigorous standards on logging companies. But the danger is that lax standards could turn the FSC into a “fake forest certification” scheme, too. When the Forest Stewardship Council got its start in 1993, it seemed to represent a triumph of market-based thinking over plodding command-and-control government regulation. Participants in the 1992 Rio Earth Summit had failed to reach agreement on government intervention to control rampant tropical deforestation. Instead, environmental organizations, social movements, and industry banded together to establish a voluntary system for improving logging practices and certifying sustainable timber.The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) soon set standards that seemed genuinely exciting to environmental and social activists, covering the conservation and restoration of forests, indigenous rights, and the economic and social well-being of workers, among other criteria. For industry, FSC certification promised not just a better way of doing business, but also higher prices for wood products carrying the FSC seal of environmental friendliness. FSC was not a targetThe cases in China, Peru, and Romania all resulted from undercover operations by the Environmental Investigation Agency, a Washington, D.C.-based nonprofit. “We didn’t mean to go after FSC,” says David Gehl, that group’s Eurasia programs coordinator. FSC just kept turning up in the same places as a lot of illegal logging, he says.Many logging companies appeared to obtain an FSC certification for management practices on one forest, and then use it to cast a halo over their far more extensive dealings in forests elsewhere, with little regard for sustainability or even legality.Kim Carstensen, director general of FSC International — which is based in Bonn, Germany — says the organization has acted appropriately in those cases. “I would claim that overall, our control systems are robust, solid, and continuously being developed,” he adds. “Nothing is perfect, and of course there are issues with FSC certificates. But we have very many stakeholders who point us to them and make us act on them. We have corrective actions happening constantly, and there is a lot of solidity, I think, in that system.”Simon Counsell, executive director of Rainforest Foundation UK and an early proponent of the forest certification idea, argues that the opposite is true. His frustration with FSC led him to co-found the website FSC-Watch.com, “where you can see many, many scores of examples right across the span of FSC’s life, and all types of forests and plantations, that suggest there are still some very serious systemic problems in the FSC. One of them is that the FSC secretariat is unable and arguably unwilling to control the certifying bodies that are responsible for issuing certifications in FSC’s name.”These certifying agencies often display a lack of expertise on visits to logging operations, says Counsell, along with “the systematic downplaying of problems that are identified, and inadequate attention to fraud and misreporting of information.”That leniency may result partly from being paid directly by the companies they are supposed to audit. The certifiers also “know they can get away with issuing certificates even to companies that are flagrantly breaking the law, without any major repercussions from FSC,” he says. Carstensen counters that FSC takes action based on independent audits of its certifying companies, and that the payment setup is no different from a corporation paying an accounting firms to audit its finances. The World Needs Sustainable ForestrySustainable Forestry Initiative Accused of GreenwashingThe LEED Pilot for WoodLumber Liquidators Will Pay Millions in FinesUSGBC’s Wood-Certification Kerfuffle This post first appeared at Yale Environment 360. A quarter-century later, frustrated supporters of FSC say it hasn’t worked out as planned, except maybe for the higher prices: FSC reports that tropical forest timber carrying its label brings 15 to 25% more at auction. But environmental critics and some academic researchers say FSC has had little or no effect on tropical deforestation. Moreover, a number of recent logging industry scandals suggest that the FSC label has at times served merely to “greenwash” or “launder” trafficking in illegal timber.
In November 2017, 23-year-old youth from North 24 Parganas in West Bengal killed a wild animal and posted photographs on a social media platform. State Forest Department officials tracked down the man but by then the meat was half cooked and the accused denied all allegations. However, a few samples of the cooked meat brought to the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI), Kolkata, were enough to nail the accused. A forensic DNA analysis showed that the meat was that of the Asian Palm Civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus), a Schedule II species protected under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. The analysis helped Forest Department officials press charges against the youth and in further prosecution of the case.In another incident, Forest Department officials arrested three persons from Raidighi in the State’s South 24 Parganas near the Sunderban National Park. Forest officials suspected that the accused were carrying deer meat. The sample recovered from the suspects gave no clues about identity of the species. In this instance, the ZSI’s DNA analysis showed that the meat was that of cattle. The three accused were subsequently released and cleared of all charges.“With investigating agencies facing increased challenges of collecting evidence to ensure convictions in wildlife crimes, DNA forensics are providing a major headway,” said Mukesh Thakur, a scientist with the ZSI’s wildlife forensics team who has contributed to the research.Details of case studies, where advanced DNA forensics were used to help prosecute wildlife related crimes, have been documented in a recently published ZSI report, titled “Ascertaining species of origin from confiscated meat using DNA forensics and Wildlife forensics in nullifying the false accusation.”“Illegal wildlife crime is not confined to a region or to a country but it is an organized crime where several people are involved — from local hunters to the end buyers. This calls for an urgent need to employ techniques of DNA forensics to improve conviction rate which at present remains very low,” Dr. Thakur told The Hindu. Referring to two instances where pangolin scales were seized from Siliguri in August 2017 and April 2018, Dr. Thakur said DNA analysis revealed that these scales were from the Chinese Pangolin whose habitat is restricted to five states in northeast India including parts of north Bengal.Reference database“We have now developed morphology-based identification protocols for distinguishing scales of Indian and Chinese Pangolin with high confidence,” he said. The ZSI is now developing protocols to identify the number of individuals killed in a seizure from the DNA analyses, he added. Scientists at the ZSI, however, pointed out that in most cases the samples they receive from investigating agencies in cases of wildlife crime are disfigured and have lost characters of morphological identity, which poses a major challenge.Wider database“We are not just confining our efforts up to species identification but our scientists are also involved in creating a reference database to assign the seizures to the source of origin, identifying sexes from seizures to understand poaching/ hunting pressure on the species which might impact the species demography in coming years,” said Director of ZSI Kailash Chandra.According to Dr Chandra, the ZSI is one of four organisations authorised by the Government of India to submit species identification reports from the confiscated materials.“We have a dedicated facility for DNA analysis at the ZSI, where we can identify samples at the molecular level using DNA forensics. This new tool is helping in solving a number of wildlife crimes,” he added. The ZSI has also formulated a standard operating procedure in the investigation of wildlife crime. The ZSI also organised a workshop for law enforcement agencies titled ‘Wildlife Forensics and Crime Control’, where the participants were informed on using new technological tools to combat wildlife crime.
West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Tuesday raked up the Rafale issue while releasing the list of candidates of the Trinamool Congress.“What Rahul Gandhi is saying on Rafale, I fully endorse it. After N. Ram [Chairman of the The Hindu Group] did a story on that, he has been threatened. This is what journalists are expected to do, to look for sources and nobody reveals their sources,” she said. Last week, the Trinamool Congress chairperson had condemned “threats by BJP” to Mr. Ram.Ms. Banerjee, who showed minutes of the RBI Board meeting on demonetisation obtained through an RTI query, said she too never revealed her sources.
View comments MOST READ SEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completion Joshua Pacio-Hayato Suzuki rematch ‘a 50-50 bout,’ says Filipino veteran Rene Catalan Lacson: 2019 budget delay due to P75-B House ‘insertion’ Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Hotel management clarifies SEAG footballers’ kikiam breakfast issue Ravena, the NLEX Road Warriors star in the PBA, and Valdez, the face of Philippine volleyball, pulled off the comeback victory in a game where proceeds will go to Mindanao State University-Marawi College of Sports, Physical Education and Recreation Academy.“It’s been an honor being able to play the game that we love and at the same time being able to help our young brothers and sisters in Marawi,” said Soriano. who is also the founder of BVR. FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine football chief“With the help of all those who supported, the CSPEAR Sports Academy of MSU-Marawi will be able to teach more and more kids so that these children’s lives will be filled with laughter instead of anger, love instead of hate, and hope instead of fear. That, for me, is the true value of sport.”Banko-Perlas 1’s Dzi Gervacio and Bea Tan, meanwhile, won the gold in the women’s division after dominating National University-Boysen’s Roma Doromal and Kly Orillaneda. LOOK: Joyce Pring goes public with engagement to Juancho Triviño In men’s action, Air Force’s Ranran Abdilla and Jessie Lopez topped Cignal’s Fauzi Ismail and Edmar Bonono, 21-17, 21-18, to bag the title.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Couple Kiefer Ravena and Alyssa Valdez, superstars in their respective sports, showed they also have the chemistry as teammates on the sand court.Ravena and Valdez teamed up to edge Charo Soriano and John Vic de Guzman, 23-21, in a highly-amusing celebrity and charity match during the Beach Volleyball Republic (BVR) December Open at Sands SM by the Bay on Sunday.ADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIES Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Is Luis Manzano planning to propose to Jessy Mendiola? SEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completion TS Kammuri to enter PAR possibly a day after SEA Games opening
February 6, 2003The food service area at the Arcosanti cafe is being reorganized for more efficient traffic flow. This will happen in four steps. Here is setup of the serving line before the first step of improvement. [Photo & Text: sa] Gwen Birk is assembling a set of stainless steel serving tables. [Photo & Text: sa]These cabinets in the northwest corner were removed and the beverage section was relocated. [Photo & Text: sa] Maintenance manager Randall Schultz is showing the same corner after the removal of cabinets and beverage line. [Photo & Text: sa] The sparkling new serving tables were moved away from the kitchen counter to give access for replenishing the serving trays. [Photo & Text: sa]
The California EAR UNIT is Dorothy Stone, flute; Phil O’Connor, clarinet; Robin Lorentz, violin; Peter Jacobson, cello; Vicki Ray, piano; and Amy Knoles, percussion. Pieces performed were ‘Summer Brooklyn’ by John Altieri, ‘Hazmats Sextet’ by David Smooke, ‘candlepin bowling deadwood’ by Alan Shockley, ‘How to play well with others’ by Carl Schimmel, ‘2, Then Three’ by Jacob Gotlib, ‘Rifts’ by Kari Besharse, and ‘Unity Gain’ by Christopher Lee. [Photo: Kim Young Soo, text: Miriam Lea Ziven & sa] The concert was especially exciting because of the seasonal monsoon wind and rain. It provided an additional challenge to the already difficult music compositions. Although, lightning and rain by no way detracted from the experience and only added overall electricity to the EAR UNIT. [Photo: Bob Manley, Miriam Lea Ziven & sa] The effort of work-shoppers and residents made for a pleasant dining experience. [Photo: Kim Young Soo, text: Miriam Lea Ziven & sa] August 16, 2005 On Saturday, August 13., the Colly Soleri Music Center presented CALIFORNIA EAR UNIT, a internationally recognized group of musicians. This concert gives young composers a chance to have their works played by the group. Most of the pieces were performed for the first time and specifically written for EAR UNIT. [Photo: Kim Young Soo, text: Miriam Lea Ziven & sa]
VersaillesInternational sales of French-originated content generated €164.2 million last year, a new record.Sales of animated shows spurred the growth while drama sales slowed, according to the figures for 2015, which were published by distributor’s group TVFI and industry body the CNC this morning.While the overall sales figures hit a new high, with a 6.8% year-on-year increase, the presales and coproduction figures both slipped, meaning the total ‘export flow’ number of €255.1 million was down 4.3% on the previous year.TVFI said that sales to Western Europe drove the growth and Belgium, Switzerland and Spain were particularly strong.Outside of Europe, sales to Africa were up 13.7% and the Middle East by 6.7%.By genre, animation remains the biggest seller, with cartoon sales and presales up 3.5% and accounting for €68.6 million of the total.Drama sales and presales slipped, however, falling 22.1% in 2015 to €52.6 million.Factual sales were up 8.4% at €43.5 million. Format sales were flat at €22.9 million.TVFI and the CNC said on-demand sales were up 10%, with animation and scripted in demand. With the likes of Netflix now demanding global deals, TVFI said 8.6% of all revenues came from ‘worldwide rights’ deals.Key titles through the year includes Cyber Group’s animated hit Zorro, the Chronicles and Zodiak Rights’ drama series Versailles.